As transportation technology continues to advance, architects are once again being called upon to adapt and innovate. The rise of autonomous vehicles, in particular, is set to transform the way we think about transportation and the built environment. In this report, we will explore the architecture and future of transportation, focusing on how architecture will need to evolve to support the rise of autonomous vehicles. We will examine changes to roadways, communication and sensor infrastructure, building design, and data management systems, among other topics. Whether you are a transportation planner, architect, or simply interested in the future of transportation, this report will provide valuable insights into the ways in which architecture and transportation are evolving to meet the needs of the 21st century. Additionally, we will provide a list of notable examples of transportation architecture that have already made an impact in shaping the built environment of transportation.

Relationship Between Architecture & Transportation

As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, the relationship between architecture and transportation has become more important than ever before. Architects and transportation planners must work together to create sustainable and efficient transportation systems that are integrated into the built environment. In this section, we will explore the relationship between architecture and transportation by examining several key areas, including designing transportation hubs, integrating transportation systems, sustainability and transportation, and shaping urban form. By understanding how these factors interact, we can create transportation systems and built environments that are safe, accessible, and efficient for all.

Designing Transportation Hubs:

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Architecture plays a vital role in the design of transport hubs such as airports, train stations, and bus terminals. Architects work closely with engineers and transportation planners to design buildings that facilitate the movement of people and goods. Some of the key considerations in designing transportation hubs include maximizing efficiency, creating a comfortable and welcoming environment, and ensuring that the building is accessible to everyone.

Integrating Transportation Systems:

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Transportation and architecture are also interconnected when it comes to integrating different transportation systems. For example, architects may design buildings that incorporate both train and bus stations, or that provide easy access to bike lanes or pedestrian walkways. The goal is to create a seamless transportation experience for users, allowing them to move easily between different modes of transportation.

Sustainability and Transportation:

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Sustainability is a key consideration in both transportation and architecture. Architects may design buildings that incorporate sustainable features such as solar panels or green roofs, while transportation planners may promote the use of electric or hybrid vehicles. By working together, architects and transportation planners can create sustainable transportation systems that reduce carbon emissions and help protect the environment.

Shaping Urban Form:

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The interdependence between transportation and architecture is crucial in shaping urban form. Infrastructure such as highways, bridges, and tunnels has a profound effect on the layout and design of cities and towns. Architects must consider how transportation infrastructure interacts with the built environment and design buildings and spaces that complement and enhance the transportation system. They must create designs that are not only visually appealing but also functionally efficient, accommodating the needs of pedestrians, cyclists, and motorists. By considering transportation in the design process, architects can contribute to creating a cohesive and sustainable urban landscape that encourages connectivity, accessibility, and community engagement.

How Architecture Will Need To Evolve To Support The Rise Of Autonomous Vehicles

Sure, here is an overview of how architecture will need to evolve to support the rise of autonomous vehicles:

  1. Roadway Design: With the rise of autonomous vehicles, roads will need to be redesigned to accommodate them. This includes wider lanes, smoother surfaces, and better signage. The goal is to create a seamless and safe experience for both the vehicles and the passengers.
  2. Communication and Sensor Infrastructure: Autonomous vehicles rely on advanced communication and sensor systems to navigate their surroundings. The architecture will need to incorporate these systems into roadways and buildings, including the installation of roadside sensors, cameras, and communication networks.
  3. Building Design: Buildings will also need to be designed with autonomous vehicles in mind. This includes the creation of pickup and drop-off zones, as well as the integration of loading docks and parking structures that can accommodate autonomous vehicles.
  4. Data Management Systems: With the increased use of autonomous vehicles, there will be a vast amount of data generated that will need to be managed and analyzed. The architecture will need to incorporate data management systems to track traffic patterns, optimize routes, and enhance the overall performance of autonomous vehicles.

In summary, the rise of autonomous vehicles will require significant changes to the way that architecture is designed and implemented. This includes new roadway designs, advanced communication and sensor infrastructure, building design that accommodates autonomous vehicles, and data management systems that can analyze and optimize the performance of these vehicles.

List Of Projects On Transportation Architecture

In this section of the report, we present a visual representation of the “Project on Transportation Architecture”. These images showcase the creativity and innovation in transportation architecture, highlighting the intersection between engineering, design, and functionality. Through these images, we aim to provide a glimpse into the future of transportation architecture and inspire new ideas and solutions for the transportation industry. From futuristic transportation hubs to sustainable and energy-efficient designs, these images demonstrate the potential for transportation architecture to enhance the way we travel and experience our cities.

Station in a Forest ,City in the Yangtze River Delta

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MAD Architects, a firm based in Beijing, has completed the design of a new underground train station in Jiaxing, China’s Yangtze River delta. The Jiaxing station is situated mainly beneath a vast green roof, with the primary waiting rooms located 27.5ft below the ground. The project’s objective is to establish an “87-acre oasis” in the city center, complete with 1,500 canopy trees and retail space. The station includes a glass-enclosed 11-story office tower, a 100-room cylindrical hotel, and connections to buses, trams, and a subway. In the heart of the development is a small masonry structure, a replica of the city’s first station, constructed in 1907 but destroyed in 1937 during the second Sino-Japanese War. The building now serves as an exhibition space dedicated to the Communist Party’s inaugural meeting in Jiaxing and a venue for musical performances. According to Ma Yansong, the founder of MAD Architects, Jiaxing’s new futuristic station aims to create more accessible, human-scaled architecture.

Berlin Subway Station Illuminates the Daily Commute for Local Travelers

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The Berlin subway station, located in Germany, is a hub of innovative and sustainable architecture. Designed with the daily commuters in mind, the station illuminates the daily commute for local travelers with its unique lighting system and sustainable features. Built to serve as an example of future architecture, the station is a masterpiece of modern engineering that incorporates numerous features that make it both eco-friendly and visually stunning. Some of the important details that make it an innovative architecture include:

  • The station is designed with natural lighting and ventilation systems, reducing the need for artificial lighting and air conditioning.
  • It features a green roof that helps reduce the heat island effect and provides insulation, reducing energy consumption.
  • The station is built with sustainable materials, including recycled concrete and steel, making it eco-friendly and durable.
  • The lighting system is designed to use LED lights, reducing energy consumption and providing a warm, inviting atmosphere.
  • The station is accessible for people with disabilities, ensuring that everyone can enjoy the benefits of sustainable and innovative architecture

The Triumphal Arches of Michael Maltzan’s Sixth Street Viaduct in L.A.

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The Sixth Street Viaduct in Los Angeles, designed by Michael Maltzan Architecture and HNTB, replaces the outdated 1932 viaduct renowned for its iconic twin supporting arches that appeared in various media. The new structure not only connects the Downtown and Arts District with Boyle Heights but also accommodates pedestrians and cyclists, making it a multimodal bridge. The outer lanes on each side are spacious and secure for pedestrians, while additional lanes in both directions cater to cyclists. The bridge features ten concrete arches of varying heights on either side, which sweep under the road deck to form a Y-shaped pier resting on a seismically engineered base-isolator. The arches incline outward at a 9-degree angle, creating a visually stunning expression. The elevated roadway is connected to new parkland under and around it by five stairways and a bike-friendly helical ramp. The new bridge is the same length as the original but twice as wide, with a width of 100 feet, compared to the narrowest sections of the original, which were only 46 feet wide. The design emphasizes strong vertical connections, enhancing the sense of horizontal flow from one end to the other.

Main Station Stuttgart by Ingenhoven Architects

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 The futuristic central station in Stuttgart, envisioned by ingenhoven associates, is a key component of the ambitious Stuttgart-Ulm railway expansion project that will replace the previous terminus with an airy light-filled concourse. The city centre’s elevated rail facilities will be dismantled to provide ample room for future urban redevelopment possibilities. Engineering plans are under way to construct a new underground concourse as well as converting and redesigning the historic station building; additionally there needs to be considered how best spaces can come together around and above this modern facility which opens in 2025 at schedule time!.

Developments in Stuttgart’s city centre have been hindered by the presence of above-ground railway tracks, yet with the introduction of a state-of-the art underground high-speed line and accompanying through station, spaces for future growth will now be more accessible. This cutting edge design features an innovative chalice roof structure with 28 supports made from exposed concrete which form a shell edifice enclosing an expansive concourse space that is capable of accommodating all forms of transport – from regional trains to long distance cruisers – boasting enhanced digital controls and safety technologies as part elucidated on Germany’s pilot project initiative. The impressive construction boasts unique aesthetics featuring semicircular arrays that mimic vesicles composed solely out concrete; specifically arranged so as to optimize resistance forces while remaining aesthetically pleasing!

World Trade Centre Transportation Hub, New York

People Inside the World Trade Center Station

The World Trade Centre Transportation Hub in New York is a modern marvel of design and sustainability. The Hub was designed by world-renowned architect Santiago Calatrava and is made up of several interconnected buildings and plazas. Its signature feature is a soaring white glass atrium, which serves as the main entrance to the Hub and provides a stunning view of the city skyline. The Hub is designed with sustainability in mind, featuring green roofs, solar-powered lighting and natural ventilation. In addition, the Hub is designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, such as hurricanes and flooding. The Hub also has a variety of shops, restaurants, and other amenities to make it a convenient and enjoyable experience for commuters. All of these features make the World Trade Centre Transportation Hub an innovative and unique architectural marvel.

Lillestrom bicycle hotel, Norway

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As part of its efforts to foster sustainable development,Norwayhas been propelling cycling as a preferred mode of transportation. Lillestrom has emerged triumphant in the Norways’ contest for best Cycling City – The Bicycle Hotel is an impressive initiative designed by various Architects with sustainability in mind. This glassed enclosure enclosing a concrete base links seamlessly with the central square within train station and provides ample bicycle storage spaces for guests that can be utilized during their staycation excursion!The concept of positivity permeates its design for the city-defining green rooftop covered with a veritable meadowland of sedum, transforming storage into an active community hotspot. Its translucent facade of U-glass offers both security and access to alternative lighting systems while creating a captivating atmosphere that emanates different hues throughout every day.Suspended within the framework of this glassy masterpiece is a curved, U-shaped structure that cleverly transforms into a balustrade for the rooftop. This deftly interspersed characteristic gives ample venting space inside, facilitating efficient ventilation systems.

Suizhou South Railway Station

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 For a high-speed railroad that would connect disparate areas of major tourism destinations in an expedient manner, the architects devised this station to be monumental and iconic. Striving to create urban synergy and legacy representation by aping its connotation as denoting Ginkgo forests’ resplendent symbol, they decisively embraced its design as ambiance evoking jade plantations’ aroma.

Thus, overall conception presents itself with forest-like interiors fostering sensual sensation akinances beneath gink-coated boughs This design is brought to fruition through an elaborate six-column array that cycles in a sinuous progression. The steel cables are covered with sheets of golden ETFE film, which glint with the resplendent hue cast by skylights extending above them; additionally, LEDs have also been installed within these interiors for a captivating display at night. Moreover – concomitantly – the favorable acoustical properties possessed by this material coupled with its steadfast presence throughout any given space render it an ideal environment for a serene haven even during

The Link Walkway, Australia

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To promote pedestrianization and walkways, it is essential to design them in an exciting manner that enriches user experience. Australia’s Link Walkway is a prime example of such a design, spanning 110 meters and connecting a prominent shopping center with Hotel Chadstone Melbourne. Constructed with a curved ‘glulam’ timber structure, the walkway is covered by semi-translucent, tensile ‘PTFE’ fabric, ensuring its functionality in all weather conditions while maintaining its visual connection with the surroundings. The Link Walkway incorporates public spaces hosting pop-up shops and a restaurant, providing an interactive experience for users, and features natural cross-ventilation, minimal artificial lighting, and native species planting schemes to promote sustainability.

Queen Alia International Airport, Jordan

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The Queen Alia International Airport boasts a highly innovative modularity and passive design scheme intended to foster beneficial socioeconomic development through its strategic connectivity. The airport’s structure is envisioned as an adaptable layout that can accommodate future expansions with a 6% annual increase in capacity over the next 25 years, ultimately allowing it obtainable for up to 12 million passengers by 2030.

To provide a suitable atmosphere for Ammans inhabitants, the architects have utilized features of the vernacular architecture which feature open-air courtyards for passive cooling with auxiliary materials such as high thermal mass concrete serving as support. Accordingly, each roofing unit is composed of modular blocks creating an interlocking tessellated canopy projecting overhanging all around from above; this provides shade during Summertime hot spells. Observing the glazed windows, horizontal louvers, reflective ponds and date palm-inspired columns that adorn this airport design with its resplendent beauty, one could glean many elements of value to the architecture community.

Riyadh Metro Station, Saudi Arabia

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This metro station is an inspiring creation by Zaha Hadid Architects, showcasing the studio’s characteristic style of parametric architecture. From conception to implementation, this project has been carefully considered as a sequence of opposing sinewaves with undulating lattice-like skin – all inspired by Zaha Hadid’s own vision for its aesthetic and functional potential. Through thorough research and planning processes led by the studio itself, optimized circulation paths have been constructed for optimal movement within this remarkable structure

The study of the maps generated from this project led to the discovery of corresponding three-dimensional lattice configurations. This rhythmic progression continues onto interiors, giving rise to a captivating and dynamic essence that is all its own. The metro station’s network of sky bridges and pathways set amidst an expansive setting further exemplifies the versatility displayed by architects Studio MatriXX in creating such awe-inspiring architecture; a feat which can only be described as exhilarating!

RATP Bus Centre, France

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At the helm of all bus routes on Paris’ eastern and southern corridors, this ECDM-designed bus center boasts an intriguing design scheme that was embodied through innovative material utilization. The facade is initiated with a camouflage of resilient lego-like textured concrete that harmoniously blends with deformed asphalt surfaces for a sense of fluidity; moreover, its extraordinary plasticity enables it to be utilized as cantilevers and roofs alike.

By utilizing the fluidity of rounded-off edges, no visible boundaries or intersections can be detected by onlookers, leaving one in an enigmatic state of confusion over where the structure’s end and commencement lie. Various cavities have been fashioned at various points within this edifice; fitted with luminescent colored glasses that lend vibrancy to its interiors while also imbuing it with additional richness and depth.

West Kowloon Station,Hong Kong

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Nestled within the bustling metropolis of Hong Kong, this 22,000-mile-long high-speed rail network serves as an essential link to Mainland China; providing a direct connection between Hong Kong and other major hubs across the country. This massive subterranean facility boasting fifteen tracks boasts unprecedented dimensions– spanning a 25-acre footprint below ground and reaching depths of 30 meters.

The expansive structure boasts an array of intricate glass panels, totaling over 4,000 in total and making up a colossal curtain wall to maximize daylight and reduce energy consumption. Its visionary interventions provide a verdant plaza as well as an intriguing sky corridor system with about 3 hectares of green space located onsite. Additionally, this pleasant rooftop offers visitors a serene environment populated by mature shrubs and treelike specimens that create an exciting ambiance for the public spaces around it. Strikingly, the adaptive nature of this contemporary masterpiece transcends its functionality. Its fluidity and dynamism combine with urban involvement to transform it into an extraordinary architectural undertaking.

Beijing Daxing International Airport, China

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 Swiftly dynamic and awe-inspiring, this transport hub of Beijing Daxing by Zaha Hadid Architect imbues a unique amalgam of futuristic form governed by Chinese traditions. Based on the tenets of interconnected spaces and central assembly, its structure ensures that all routes and zones within terminals are directed towards its inspiring central courtyard.

Rising majestically above the urban landscape, this magnificent edifice boasts a roof deck in six sinuous shapes that seek to unify its robust construction while simultaneously inviting ample sunlight through a constellation of skylight openings. Therefore, growth and expansion must be accommodated for as well as territories of space made available for future development – which could potentially lead to extending spaces or accommodating supple capacities in case further expansion is needed at some point down the road. Beijing Daxing International Airport, which opened its doors in 2008 and is now one of the most inspiring infrastructural projects in China, boasts efficient resource management as well as photovoltaic power generation with a waste heat recovery-based heating system and water management system.

Haikou Wenming East Road Tunnel,China

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By removing the ostensible light grilles from its tunnel entrance, Penda China created an intricate, curving shell canopy that evokes a bionic design – interweaving sculptural elements with its ocean-side locale. The result is a captivating display of luster due to its glazed aluminum surface and rhythmic patterning within the passage.The sinuous curves and gleaming stainless steel contours of this alluring installation radiate with effervescence, deeming ample illumination within the rooms. Accompanied by a number of small lights that have been strategically placed throughout to lend an ethereal ambiance; transforming it into something visually captivating at dusk.

Peace Bridge, Canada

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 Fusing structure and sculpture, the ingenious architecture of Santiago Calatrava has culminated in the creation of Calgary’s Bow River Footbridge. This striking red-and-white tubular form rises symmetrically along its single helix above a riverbank like a ribbon uniting two distinct pathways for pedestrians and cyclists so that everyone may traverse safely alongside it. Providing an aesthetically captivating visual experience of integration between manmade works is this bridge’s inherent goal!

Situated amidst the crisscrossing of steel, this 126m-long bridge has been clad in glazed panels that provide it with complete protection from inclement weather while preserving its stunning visual link to the picturesque landscape around it. Moreover, an embedded linear illumination system provides illumination at night and thus facilitates wayfinding as well as enhancing its landmark presence; a sensation emulated by luminous hues reflected on the water below.

Architecture & Future of Transportation

Transportation has played a vital role in shaping the way we live and interact with our surroundings. From the earliest modes of transportation like walking and horseback riding to the latest high-speed trains and autonomous vehicles, transportation technology has come a long way. In this response, we will explore the architecture and future of transportation under the following sub-headings:

Modern Architecture of Transportation:

In recent decades, technological advancements have led to the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly modes of transportation. The modern architecture of transportation includes public transportation systems like buses and subways, high-speed trains, and electric vehicles. Furthermore, the rise of ride-sharing services like Uber and Lyft has transformed the way people travel within cities.

Future of Transportation:

The future of transportation is likely to be shaped by continued technological advancements. Several emerging technologies, such as autonomous vehicles, flying cars, and hyper loops, have the potential to revolutionize transportation in the coming years. Autonomous vehicles are expected to reduce accidents, increase efficiency, and reduce transportation costs. Additionally, flying cars and drones could provide new opportunities for travel in congested urban areas. Hyperloops, which are high-speed trains that travel through vacuum-sealed tunnels, could offer a faster and more efficient mode of transportation for long-distance travel.

Sustainable Design and Transportation

As we look towards a more sustainable future, the role of architecture in transportation becomes even more critical. Architects will need to consider how they can design buildings and transportation systems that minimize energy consumption, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase resilience to climate change. This will include integrating renewable energy sources, such as solar panels and wind turbines, into building design and transportation infrastructure. Sustainable materials, such as recycled materials and natural materials, can also be incorporated into building design to reduce carbon footprints.

Urban Planning and Transportation

The integration of architecture and transportation also requires a coordinated approach to urban planning. Architects, transportation planners, and policymakers must work together to create integrated urban landscapes that promote sustainable transportation and community engagement. This includes designing mixed-use developments that integrate residential, commercial, and transportation infrastructure. Urban planning can also incorporate public spaces, such as parks and walkways, to encourage active transportation and social interaction.

Accessibility & Inclusivity

Architecture and transportation must also prioritize accessibility and inclusivity in their designs. This includes creating transportation systems and buildings that accommodate people with disabilities and ensuring that public spaces are accessible to all. Building designs must include accessible entrances, elevators, and restrooms, while transportation systems must consider the needs of people with disabilities in their design. Inclusivity in transportation also includes accommodating diverse transportation modes, such as cycling and walking, to provide more equitable access to transportation.

Smart Cities & Transportation

The integration of technology into transportation and architecture has given rise to the concept of smart cities. Smart cities use technology and data to optimize transportation systems, improve safety, and enhance the quality of life for residents. Smart city infrastructure includes sensor networks that monitor traffic and air quality, real-time data management systems, and integrated transportation systems. Architects and transportation planners must collaborate to design buildings and transportation infrastructure that can be integrated into a smart city framework.

Challenges and Opportunities:

As transportation technology continues to evolve, several challenges and opportunities are likely to arise. One significant challenge is the need to develop sustainable transportation solutions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impact of climate change. This challenge presents an opportunity for the development of electric vehicles, renewable energy sources, and other clean technologies. Another challenge is ensuring the safety and security of passengers and cargo as new transportation technologies emerge.


  1. Environmental Sustainability: One of the biggest challenges faced by the transportation industry is reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. The transportation sector is a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, and the continued use of fossil fuels will exacerbate the problem. The industry must find sustainable solutions that reduce carbon emissions and promote renewable energy sources.
  2. Infrastructure Development: As new transportation technologies emerge, there is a need to develop new infrastructure and retrofit existing infrastructure to accommodate them. For example, the widespread adoption of electric vehicles requires the development of charging stations, which can be costly and time-consuming.
  3. Safety and Security: The transportation industry must ensure the safety and security of passengers and cargo. With the emergence of new technologies such as autonomous vehicles, there is a need for robust cybersecurity measures to prevent hacking and other malicious activities.
  4. Regulatory Hurdles: The implementation of new transportation technologies may face regulatory hurdles that can delay or prevent their adoption. Governments must work to create regulatory frameworks that promote innovation while ensuring public safety and security.
  5. Social and Economic Disruption: The adoption of new transportation technologies may lead to social and economic disruption, particularly in industries that rely on traditional transportation methods. For example, the widespread adoption of autonomous vehicles may lead to job losses in the transportation sector.


  1. Clean Energy: The development of electric vehicles, renewable energy sources, and other clean technologies presents an opportunity for the transportation industry to reduce carbon emissions and promote environmental sustainability.
  2. Improved Efficiency: New transportation technologies such as autonomous vehicles and hyperloop systems have the potential to significantly improve transportation efficiency and reduce congestion.
  3. Increased Accessibility: Transportation technology can improve accessibility for individuals with disabilities and those living in rural areas, thereby increasing mobility and promoting social equity.
  4. Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The emergence of new transportation technologies creates opportunities for innovation and entrepreneurship, particularly in the development of new infrastructure and related services.
  5. Data-driven Decision Making: The use of big data and analytics can improve transportation planning, decision-making, and management, leading to more efficient and effective transportation systems.

In conclusion, the challenges and opportunities presented by the evolving transportation technology require a comprehensive and collaborative approach by the industry, governments, and society to harness the full potential of technological advancements while mitigating the associated risks and challenges.


In conclusion, the future of transportation is an exciting and rapidly evolving field that requires a comprehensive understanding of architecture and its impact on the built environment. As autonomous vehicles become increasingly prevalent, architects will play a vital role in adapting the built environment to meet the changing needs of transportation.

From rethinking roadways and infrastructure to designing buildings and data management systems, the architecture of transportation will continue to evolve to support the demands of the modern world. As such, it is important for architects, transportation planners, and policymakers to collaborate and envision innovative solutions that will enable the seamless integration of autonomous vehicles and architecture.

Moreover, as highlighted in this report, transportation architecture has already had a significant impact on shaping the built environment of transportation, with notable examples ranging from iconic bridges to futuristic airports. Looking ahead, it is clear that the relationship between architecture and transportation will only grow stronger, and that architects will continue to play a critical role in shaping the future of transportation